题目：Some people think international cooperation has brought benefits to world environment protection, while some people think more benefits have been brought to international business. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
It is noticeable that multinational cooperation has become increasingly common, and it makes contribution to global integration instead of international isolation. Some people claim that the primary merit of international cooperation is protecting the environment while others argue that the major strength is promoting worldwide business. Before present my position, the essay aims to critically discuss both views.
Undeniably, environmental protection needs the global efforts. If climate pollution needs effectively solving, governments from all over the world have to make stricter laws and regulations on the emission of polluted substance. Furthermore, international cooperation is able to facilitate scientists to launch research seminars by exchanging their diverse and innovative ideas in order to design more clean energy like wind and solar energy and address environmental problems.
When it comes to the international business, international integration plays an indispensable role in developing prosperous business. On the one hand, by providing advanced technology and professional skills to developing countries offered by developed nations, developing countries are capable of harnessing adequate resources and achieving the goal of maximizing business profits as soon as possible. On the other hand, more employment opportunities are created on the products-supply sides and a better quality of life is shared by skill-receiving ends. Admittedly, without economic collaboration on such a massive scale, a huge number of countries would be likely to be embroiled in starvation except for the few blessed with fertile lands and wise governmental leadership.
Judged by a detailed analysis on both sides, I think every side is extremely significant during the process of propelling global progress. However, it is high time that multinational collaboration paid more attention to environmental issues to catch up with the pace of global business development.
Globalization increases connections between different nations. There remains some disagreement as to whether international cooperation is beneficial for the protection of environment or the boom of world business. I would discuss both views as follows.
On the one hand, admittedly, environment deterioration poses a threat to human beings living on the earth. It is common to see haze in megacities of developing countries, the extinction of rare species in the Amazon rainforest as well as the melt of glaciers in Arctic. Although authorities in those areas aim at tackling environmental issues, the adopted technology and scientific researches fail to meet the demand. Only when the first-rate scientists around the world devote themselves to inventing environmental-friendly facilities and international environmental protection organizations make coordinated efforts, will the destruction of ecosystem be diminished and natural resources be conserved. In addition, environmental laws enacted in United Nations General Assembly not only regulate the greenhouse gas emission of its member states but also highlight the obligation to preserve biodiversity.
On the other hand, it is undeniable that world economy does be boosted by commodity circulation among countries. For example, Chinese people can earn large number of foreign currencies by exporting agricultural products and purchase high-tech electronic devices imported from Japan or Germany via signing relevant trade contracts with business partners. Besides, the international organization such as World Trade Organization clears barriers and guarantees the liberalization of world business. It implements policies of enforcing wealthy countries to eliminate tariffs on items from poor countries and promotes multilateral trade negotiations.
As far as I am concerned, addressing environmental problems is the major benefit gained from co-operation between nations since they would share techniques and commit to keeping ecological balance in a certain area to ensure the healthy development of our planet. However, it seems that developed countries are deemed as the first beneficiaries of the world trade although international business has been stimulated.
题目：It is a good thing for people in senior management positions to get a higher salary than other workers in the same company. To what extent do you agree or disagree?在同一家公司的高级管理职位的人比其他员工获得更高的工资是一件好事，你在多大程度上同意或者不同意?
If Karl Marx was still alive in the word, chances are that he would frown upon the widening disparity between the well-paid senior staff, who are in charge of lifeblood of the company and other workers who are heavily exploited of the view that the salary should be in line with the hierarchy of staff in their companies.
The staff who are in the relatively high level in companies assume more accountability of the operation of companies, which justifies the status qua that are supposed to be better rewarded. The senior members' responsibilities do not only confine in the office trifles such as printing the files for the meeting, or work out a balance sheet for the financial quarter. Instead, they are under the massive pressure to be insightful policy makers who are seemingly at ease with daunting tasks, because one of the their minor mistakes is likely to trigger a blunder, bringing inevitable financial loss to their companies.
On the other hand, the high salary of the senior staff can also serve as incentive to their subordinates. Monetary reward, materialistic as it might be, can stir more motivation of staff, because it is a conspicuous fact that a decent salary is the foundation of the daily life. With the seductive payback, workers are more willing to fulfill their duties with higher quality and the talent of the able would be fully tapped to the benefit for companies and themselves.
Of course, the dark sides cannot be neglected due to its advantages the high salary brings. Certain senior members share the lion’s share of benefit and the rest of it is then allocated to majority of junior employees. This income gap is a dormant factor that can damage the rapport of the members and undermine the overall moral and collaboration of different levels of staff.
In conclusion, the principle of “no pain no gain” still works as a maxim in the modern companies. Egalitarianism is only a Utopian depiction, while utilitarianism has the final say.
It’s natural and reasonable for those holding the managerial roles at some corporations to receive higher wages than others. I would personally maintain that this is a good phenomenon as these people made greater contribution to and generate more profits for their companies and organizations.
Originally, it is a decent thing for the firms to award those have contributed a longer time and more energy to their development, which not only gives deserved credits to respect people’s loyalty and seniority but also greatly motivates its new members. They could serve as the great role models, especially in constructing the entrepreneurship and culture in a corporation.
More importantly, people who are on the higher positions enjoy a better payment for their hard work also because they are mostly more proficient and competent in an industry. Working as the administrators or CEOs, they are the leaders or decision-makers for an organization who make sure that their firms could grow smoothly and achieve their goals. They are reported to have shouldered incredibly more stress and pressure than other employees in the same context.
Whereas, the talents and diligent work of those staff who are not on the senior positions should also be well-recognised in either material or spiritual forms. Companies should realize the significance of drawing such skilled and competent people for their future advancement.
In summary, people in managerial roles gain better work conditions including the money they earn for their rich experience and outstanding achievement in an industry. And the other people’s hard work should also be rewarded appropriately.